Shared mechanization in Benin : improving farmers’ emancipation and agricultural productivity

Start Year:
End Year:
Budget (€):
Budget range (€):
> 1.000.000
Agriculture and Fishery
Type of Activity:
Training and Capacity Building
Technology and Knowledge Exchange
Institutional Building (i.e. advocacy, etc.)
Network Building and Strengthening
Financial Support and Investment
Lead Organisation(s):
Cuma Bénin-Aquitaine (France)
UNCuma Benin (Benin)
Cuma Aquitaine

Project Objectives

Increase the productivity of Beninese agriculture by reinforcing farmers’ organization and access to mechanization. Development of machinery farm cooperatives (Cuma) and their support organizations.


Project began in the north of Benin, in the Borgou-Alibori region, where manual cultivation is widespread. Hardness of the work and low productivity maintain farmers in a state of poverty and doesn’t allow them to reach a sustainable level of production, whereas soils are fertile and available. The partnership with the French association Cuma Benin is focused on the development of shared mechanization in agriculture. There are now more than 150 Cuma (farm machinery cooperatives) all over the country. Support to these groups is brought by regional unions of Cuma, and one national Union of Beninese Cuma is in charge of advocacy issues and coordination of this young network. Most of the Cuma have invested (or are going to invest) in a tractor, a plough and a trailer. As training of mechanics is a key point, trainings centres specialized in agricultural mechanization are also at the core of the cooperation. The partnership deal also with access to tractors of good quality and to spare parts. A machinery chain has been built in order to import second-hand tractors from France, as long as local supply isn’t sufficient. A strong impact on social living conditions has been observed : less child work (they don’t have to work so much in the fields and can go to school), emergence of leaders, better incomes…

With the FAO, the french fundation FARM and the FNCUMA, a study has been completed on this cooperative experience. The summary of this study in english can be download here.

An African workshop organized by FAO and the UNCuma Benin took also place in Benin, in November 2015, with decision-makers, in order to draw lessons from that experience. 




Cooperatives Europe
Avenue Milcamps 105
B - 1030 Bruxelles
VAT: BE 0879.795.938
+32 2 743 10 33


This website has been co-funded by the European Union. The content of this website is the sole responsibility of Cooperatives Europe  and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union